Cambodia Historical Background
Cambodian call their country Kampuchea or Khmer and also for their nationality 95/ of people are Khmer and other are Chinese , Vietnam , Cham and hill tribe called Khmer Leou . So Kampuchea , Cambodia Khmer Angkor are all the names associated with a single Asian civilization renowned for its art and its architecture .Kampuchea or Kambujadesa or Kambuja was the name of country in Sanskrit inscription and derived from a tribe in ( The North of India ) associated an old hermit called ( Kambusvayabhuva ) that was the legendary founder of the Khmer civilization .
Kampuchea the modern legacy was part of the official title of the country as recently as 1989 . Cambodia the name of this Southeast Asia that country today is an English version but the word Cambodge is the French word for the country . Both words are Western pronunciation of Kambuja . The inhabitants are Khmer or Cambodians . the national language is Khmer . and in past time they called their own country Khmer.
CAMBODIA LOCATION the Kingdom of Cambodia located in Southeast Asia within ( The Indo China Peninsula ) and is bordered between Vietnam on the south & east .Thailand on the west and northwest, Laos on the north, and the Gulf of Thailand on the west. The geography of Cambodia is dominated by the Mekong River (Khmer: Tonle Thom (ទន្លធំ) or “the great lake”) and the Tonlé Sap (ទន្ល�?សាប; “the fresh water lake”).
The kingdom is a constitutional monarchy with Norodom Sihamoni as king who has reigned since 2004. Phnom Penh is the kingdom’s capital and largest city, and is the center of political, commercial, industrial and cultural activities. Siem Reap, a city located near the famous ruins of Angkor Wat is the gateway to the Angkor region, and is Cambodia’s main destination for tourism. Battambang, the largest city in western Cambodia, is known for its rice production, and Sihanoukville, a coastal city, is the primary sea port and beach resort.
DIMENSION & Population and Religions
Cambodia has an area of 181,035 square kilometres (69,898 sq mi) and a population of over 14 million ethnic Khmer. A citizen of Cambodia is usually identified as “Cambodian” or “Khmer”, though they strictly refer to ethnic Khmers. Most Cambodians 90/ are Theravada Buddhists, but the country also have a minority number of Muslim Cham, as well as ethnic Chinese, Vietnamese and small animist hill tribes.
Climate ( Warm and Humid )
It lies in the Tropical Monsoon Season. There two primaries season :
– Rainy season occurs from May to October. The temperature varies from 27 to 35 DC.
– Dried season occurs from November to April. The temperature varies from 16 to 38 DC
In Cambodia also has another season calls Cool Season occurs from November to January. The temperature is around 16 DC .The average temperature all year found is about 28.5 DC and the maximum is 39 DC .
The majority of the population live in the rural area and on the agricultural production only 16/ of the total population reside in urban area or town it has 3 major sectors .
Agriculture : farming forestry ,hunting , and fishing in Tonle Sap Lake ( 81.6 /)
Industry: mining , factories , manufacturing ( 2.8 / )
Service: hotel, trade education health ( 15.6 / )
Agriculture has long been the most important sector to the Cambodian economy, with around 59% of the population relying on agriculture for their livelihood (with rice being the principal crop). Other important sectors include garments, construction and tourism – foreign visitors to Angkor Wat numbered more than 4 million in 2007. In 2005, oil and natural gas deposits were found beneath Cambodia’s territorial waters, and once commercial extraction begins in 2011, the oil revenues could profoundly affect Cambodia’s economy.
Agriculture has long been the most important sector of the Cambodian economy, with around 59% of the population relying on agriculture for their livelihood (with rice being the principal crop). Garments, tourism, and construction are also important, yielded, foreign visitors to Angkor Wat numbered more than 4 million. In 2005, oil and natural gas deposits were found beneath Cambodia’s territorial waters, and once commercial extraction begins in 2011, the oil revenues could profoundly affect Cambodia’s economy. Observers fear much of the revenue could end up in the hands of the political elites if not monitored correctly.